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Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
Cynthia Peat specimen
Photo by Violet Anderson
© Royal Ontario Museum

Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
Photo by Violet Anderson
© Royal Ontario Museum

Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
© Doug Merson

Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
© Modris Baum

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Home > Mineral Descriptions > Pyrophanite - (8 Photos)



Pyrophanite
MnTiO3

     Pyrophanite, a member of the ilmenite group, is relatively common at Mont Saint-Hilaire.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

Color is usually deep carmine red, black on opaque rosettes.
Luster is metallic to adamantine.
Diaphaneity is opaque to transparent.
Crystal System is hexagonal; R3.
Crystal Habits include thin hexagonal plates to 1cm, complex blocky
   crystals and rosette-like aggregates to 2cm.
Cleavage {021} is perfect and {102} is distinct.
Fracture is conchoidal to uneven.
Hardness is 5 - 6.
Specific Gravity is approximately 4.5 g/cm3.
Streak is brownish-red.
Associated Minerals include aegirine, albite, amphibole group,
   analcime, ancylite, astrophyllite, burbankite, calcite, catapleiite,
   cordylite, fluorapatite, fluorite, garnet group, natrolite, pyrite,
   rhodochrosite, sphalerite, zircon and UK #48.
Distinguishing Features: Crystal habit and color.
Origin: Named in 1890 from the Greek pyr, fire, plus phainomai,
   to appear, alluding to its reddish brown color.

CLASSIFICATION:

Dana System
# 4.3.5.3

Strunz Classification
# IV/C.05-30

REFERENCES:
MinRec 21:331 (1990), Dana 8:228 (1997)

DISTRIBUTION AND RARITY AT MONT SAINT-HILAIRE:

MSH
¤¤¤

PE
¤¤

AP
¤¤

MX
--

SS
--

MC
¤¤

HF
--

BR
¤¤

SX
¤¤

FR
--

Legend

Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
© Modris Baum

Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
© Stephan Wolfsried

Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
© Jason B. Smith

Pyrophanite crystals - click for larger pic
Pyrophanite crystals
© Stephan Wolfsried